Exhibition Catalogue
Exhibition Catalogue
Face The Facts
Face The Facts
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More than 1,000 attend OFI Asia 2014 and OFIC 2014

Over 1,000 delegates, visitors, exhibitors and speakers were registered to have attended OFI Asia 2014 at the end of the second day of the three-day exhibition.

The exhibition, organised by Oils & Fats International, was held in conjunction with the Oils and Fats International Congress (OFIC) hosted by the Malaysian Oil Scientists' and Technologists' Association (MOSTA) in the Kuala Lumpur Convention Center, Malaysia, from 5-7 November.

On the last day of the OFIC congress on 7 November, delegates heard how Indonesia had set very aggressive targets for domestic biodiesel consumption, with the government announcing in August a mandatory B20 target for 2016.

Paulus Tjakrawan, vice chairman of the Indonesian Biofuels Producer Association said this would mean demand for biodiesel would total 7.93M tonnes in 2016, compared with 3.4M tonnes in 2014.

The country has nearly achieved full implementation of B10 nationwide and there are currently 23 companies producing biodiesel from palm oil; and 13 producing ethanol from molasses and cassava.

Current biodiesel capacity is 5.6M kilolitres (kl) with a projected capacity of 8.8M kl in 2015.

Last year, Indonesia produced 2.8M kl of biodiesel, consuming 1M kl domestically and exporting 1.8kl.

As of October 2014, total biodiesel production is close to 3M kl, with 1.5M kl consumed domestically and 1.4M kl exported.

To put Indonesia's fuel consumption into context, Tjakrawan explained that the country's fuel consumption per capita per day was less than one litre/day. This compares to 32.08 litre/day in Singapore; 3.03 litre/day in Malaysia; 4.32 litre/day in the EU; and 9.7 litre/day in the USA.

Malaysia's biofuel programme
Dr Loh Soh Kheang, from the Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB), gave an update on Malaysia's bioenergy and biofuels programme.

She said that, in 2013, oil palm was grown on 5.23M ha of land in Malaysia, producing 19.22M tonnes of palm oil, providing export earnings of 63.2bn Ringitts and producing 85M dry tonnes of oil palm biomass such as oil palm fronds, empty fruit bunches, mesocarp fibre and pam kernel shells.

At the end of 2014, the government had approved 53 licences for biodiesel operations but only 14 were in operation.

A nationwide B7 programme would be completed by November in peninsular Malaysia and B10 and B20 trials were also being carried out.

Biogas mills to trap methane
In the biogas sector, Loh said that, by 2020, all palm oil mills will need to have methane trapping or methane avoidance schemes in place. To date, 68 mills have biogas projects in place and 13 are under construction. The biogas can be used for electricity generation or co-firing in existing biomass boilers.

As well as the 68 biogas projects in operation, there are currently seven plants using oil palm biomass for electricity co-generation, one demonstration plant producing bioethanol from biomass and six plants producing briquettes/pellets from palm biomass.